Technical Difficulty: Sections of very steep snow and ice at angles over 50 degrees. Rock sections up to Severe. Suitable only for experienced mountaineers who can be self-sufficient, previous alpine experience is essential. (Alpine D Scottish Grade 3 Rock S-VS).
Fitness: A high level of all round fitness will be required to cope with the exceptionally strenuous nature of these expeditions. A resistance to extreme weather conditions over extended periods of time. Heavy loads over multiple days may need to be carried.