Technical Difficulty: Very steep snow and ice with sustained steep ice pitches, Rock sections up to HVS. Previous experience of high altitude Mountaineering is essential. (Alpine TD Scottish Grade 3-4 Rock VS – HVS).

Fitness: A high level of all round fitness will be required to cope with the exceptionally strenuous nature of these expeditions. A resistance to extreme weather conditions over extended periods of time. Heavy loads over multiple days may need to be carried.